To keep the joint as stable as possible, structures like the labrum, capsule, rotator cuff muscles, ligaments, and tendons must work in conjunction to allow normal shoulder function.
Throughout one's lifetime, the shoulder joint and its stabilizing structures take on a lot of stress, and it is a common site for wear-and-tear, leading to osteoarthritis, causing pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion.
Rehabilitation after shoulder surgery is one of the toughest due to the lack of stability in the joint. For the elderly, many surgeons will recommend against surgery as the risks outweigh the benefits.
The conventional treatment protocols for shoulder pain, most commonly stemming from the rotator cuffs and joint arthritis, include: